Fight against Chronic Respiratory Diseases (CRD)
Association of Chest Physicians, West Bengal, in association with Indian Chest Society and National College of Chest Physicians(India), is hosting the 19th National conference on Pulmonary Diseases (NAPCON 2017) from 16th to 19th November, 2017 at SCIENCE CITY, Kolkata.
During the press meet while discussing about the bare minimum required method to identify the any respiratory emergency is Dr. Raja Dhar told ABC is the process which stands for Airway, Breathing, and Circulation.
ABC and its variations are initialism mnemonics for essential steps used by both medical professionals and lay persons (such as first aiders) when dealing with a patient. In its original form it stands for Airway, Breathing, and Circulation. The protocol was originally developed as a memory aid for rescuers performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and the most widely known use of the initialism is in the care of the unconscious or unresponsive patient, although it is also used as a reminder of the priorities for assessment and treatment of patients in many acute medical and trauma situations, from first-aid to hospital medical treatment. Airway, breathing, and circulation are all vital for life, and each is required, in that order, for the next to be effective. Since its development, the mnemonic has been extended and modified to fit the different areas in which it is used, with different versions changing the meaning of letters (such as from the original ‘Circulation’ to ‘Compressions’) or adding other letters (such as an optional “D” step for Disability or Defibrillation).
In 2010, the American Heart Association and International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation changed the recommended order of CPR interventions for most cases of cardiac arrest to chest compression, airway, breathing or CAB.
Specilized medicine based on the individual gene structure is on the way and many case studies has been done on the COPD based problems.
Further talking about the NAPCON the press release statement clarified the need of this kind of seminars.
This is a momentous occasion, because Respiratory disease has come to fore as the most important cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. The problem is even more profound in developing countries like India where the risk of lung injury is not just from smoking (which is no less a risk here) but also from Biomass exposure and Indoor and Outdoor air Pollution which are problems unique to our country. This adds to the already existing burden of infectious and communicable diseases like pneumonia, tuberculosis and viral respiratory infections.
Conference in the solemn background of the Pollution Emergency in our capital Delhi declared by Indian Medical Association. Many patients have flooded the hospitals suffering from an exacerbation of their airways disease. This problem is however not unique to Delhi but is omnipresent throughout the country.
Everybody is worried about respiratory health. The global alliance against Respiratory diseases (GAARD), a WHO wing established in 2008, vows to fight against CRDs at all countries through study of epidemiology, diagnosis and management. Govt. Of INDIA has declared war against chronic respiratory diseases through a structured program on non-communicable diseases.
Fifteen to twenty percent of our total population is suffering from allergy related ailments or asthma at any point of time. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) commonly known as chronic bronchitis is a silent killer going unnoticed. Smoking is the primary etiologic factor for COPD aided by air pollution and occupational hazards. A startling survey in India showed close to 13 million Indians suffer from Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) way back in 2004. COPD also features amongst the top five causes of death worldwide and the only one showing an upward trend. Statistics show that 66 percent of all world smokers live in just 15 countries, India ranking second after China (World Lung Foundation). 18-19% of all Indians smoke while 5% of adult male smokers and 2.5% of adult female smokers suffer from COPD.
Largest cause of deaths occurring in India due to smoke is COPD and not heart disease, stroke or cancer as perceived. The numbers of people killed in COPD are more than diabetes, heart disease and stroke combined in India.
NAPCON, though National by name, is actually an International conference on respiratory diseases and preventive health. This time the conference would be held in Kolkata (Science city) 16th to 19th Nov 2017. Doctors, researchers and healthcare workers from all over the Globe would come together to take stock of the current situation and chart the map for future activity. NAPCON 2017 Kolkata will be attended by nearly 3500 participants across India and abroad.