Bollywood Star Salman Khan jailed for 5 years – What you must know about Indian Law for Animal Protection

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Blackbuck
Blackbuck

Bhaijan, for many fans, Bollywood superstar Salman Khan convicted as the killer of Blackbuck. He was sentenced today to five years in jail for 2-decade old blackbuck poaching case. While other accused in the same case his co-stars of the movie “Hum Sath Sath Hai” i.e. Saif Ali Khan, Tabu, Sonali Bendre and Neelam Kothari, have been acquitted for lack of evidence against them.

The actor has also been fined with Rs. 10,000 for hunting the rare antelopes which are not just protected under the Wildlife Protection Act, but are also considered sacred by the Bishnoi community of Rajasthan.

Here’s why blackbucks, the endangered species, are protected by the Bishnois:
The Bishnoi community of Jodhpur considers the blackbuck to be the reincarnation of their religious Guru Bhagwan Jambeshwar also known as Guru Jambhoji.
In India, blackbucks can be spotted in Kanha National Park, Ranthambore National Park, Corbett National Park, Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, Gir National Park, Velavadar Blackbuck National Park and Bandhavgarh National Park.

Salman Khan in Jail Photo By Gopal Debnath
Salman Khan in Jail Photo By Gopal Debnath

The population of blackbucks is on the decline with rampant poaching and habitat destruction.

So before you engage in any hunting or cruelty against animal in India please be aware of these rules in India in the act.

1. It is the fundamental duty of every citizen of India to have compassion for all living creatures. Article 51A(g).

2. To kill or maim any animal, including stray animals, is a punishable offense. IPC Sections 428 and 429.

3. Abandoning any animal for any reason can land you in prison for up to three months. Section 11(1)(i) and Section 11(1)(j), PCA Act, 1960.

4. No animal (including chickens) can be slaughtered in any place other than a slaughterhouse. Sick or pregnant animals shall not be slaughtered. Rule 3, of Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, (Slaughterhouse) Rules, 2001 and Chapter 4, Food Safety and Standards Regulations, 2011.

5. Stray dogs that have been operated for birth control cannot be captured or relocated by anybody including any authority. ABC Rules, 2001.

6. Neglecting an animal by denying her sufficient food, water, shelter, and exercise or by keeping him chained/confined for long hours is punishable by a fine or imprisonment of up to 3 months or both. Section 11(1)(h), PCA Act, 1960.

7. Monkeys are protected under the Wildlife (Protection)Act, 1972 and cannot be displayed or owned.

8. Bears, monkeys, tigers, panthers, lions, and bulls are prohibited from being trained and used for entertainment purposes, either in circuses or streets. Section 22(ii), PCA Act, 1960.

9. Animal sacrifice is illegal in every part of the country. Rule 3, Slaughterhouse Rules, 2001.

10. Organizing of or participating in or inciting any animal fight is a cognizable offense. Section 11(1)(m)(ii) and Section 11(1)(n), PCA Act, 1960.

11. Cosmetics tested on animals and the import of cosmetics tested on animals is banned. Rules 148-C and 135-B of Drugs & Cosmetics Rules, 1945.

12. Teasing, feeding or disturbing the animals in a zoo and littering the zoo premises is an offense punishable by a fine of Rs. 25000 or imprisonment of up to three years or both. Section 38J, Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

13. Capturing, trapping, poisoning or baiting of any wild animal or even attempting to do so is punishable by law, with a fine of up to Rs. 25000 or imprisonment of up to seven years or both. Section 9, Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

14. Disturbing or destroying eggs or nests of birds and reptiles or chopping a tree having nests of such birds and reptiles or even attempting to do so constitutes to hunting and attracts a punishment of a fine of up to Rs. 25000, or imprisonment of up to seven years or both. Section 9, Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

15. Conveying or carrying animals whether in or upon any vehicle, in any manner or position which causes discomfort, pain or suffering is a punishable offense under two Central Acts. Section 11(1)(d) Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, (Transport of Animal) Rules, 2001 and Motor Vehicles Act 1978.