71 years of Bangladesh Awami League by the side of the people in crisis, struggle and achievement
Tarikul Islam Lavlu, Bangladesh.
“Rose Garden at Swamibagh in Dhaka and Shawkat Ali’s residence at Mogaltuli No. 150. The relationship between these two places is inseparable from the birthplace of Awami League. Husain Shaheed Suhrawardy came to Dhaka from Calcutta to handle a case. He then advised Shawkat Ali to leave the Muslim League and form a different political organization. Inspired by this suggestion, he encouraged the leaders of the East Bengal Workers’ Camp to form a new organization. The Awami League (East Pakistan Awami Muslim League) was born on 23 June 1949 at the Rose Garden in Swamibagh after several months of preparatory activities around Shawkat Ali’s residence and staff camp office at Mughaltuli No. 150. “
June 23 is the founding anniversary of the Awami League, the favorite party of the democratically born masses. The average life expectancy of Bangladeshis is 71 years. And at the age of 66, old age embraces all sides. According to the constitution and law of Bangladesh, he gets the status of ‘Senior Citizen’ only after 60 years. As such, the Awami League is the senior political party in the country. Suffice it to say, the Awami League is also the oldest and most traditional political party in the subcontinent, which was democratically born with the motto of liberation of the Bengali nation.
Reviewing the history, it is seen that the birth of Awami League was not happy at all. A new party is being formed in the Rose Garden of Swamibagh on 23rd and 24th June 1949. When the matter came to light, the then government became frightened. Maulana Bhasani was feared to be arrested in connection with the conference. Maulana Bhasani was then kept in hiding by the artisans who formed the new organization and was brought to the Rose Garden at least two days before the conference. Maulana Bhasani was taken to the Rose Garden in a horse-drawn carriage wearing a burqa (wrapped in a blanket).
At the conference, chaired by Ataur Rahman Khan, a new political party was unanimously elected with Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhasani as president, Shamsul Haque as general secretary and imprisoned Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman as joint secretary. The party was named Awami Muslim League at the conference. The Awami League’s movement, which started the next day on June 24 through a public meeting at Armanitola Maidan in Dhaka, has not stopped for 8 long years. The Bangladesh Awami League, a political party of the land and the people, has been making a unique contribution to the formation of the country, sometimes in the opposition and sometimes from the government.
On this day in 1757, the sun of Bengal’s independence set on the banks of the Bhagirathi. After 192 years, the Awami League was formed on the same day for the liberation and independence of the people of Bengal. The seeds of the Bengalis’ cherished dream of freedom struggle were planted in the Rose Garden of Old Dhaka with the birth of this party. The three words Bangabandhu-Awami League-Swadhinata are immortal, immortal. The Awami League formed by Hossain Shaheed Suhrawardy, Maulana Bhasani and Bangabandhu has crossed the turning point of glory and history and turned 69 years old today.
Awami League means the mainstream of Bengali nationalism. Awami League means the image of struggling people. A caravan of people working on the mud and soil of Bangladesh. As in the past, the future of Bangladesh is inextricably linked with the Awami League. The independence from independence, the transition from the latest military dictatorship to democracy – the only political party leading the struggle for every achievement, is the Bangladesh Awami League. This ancient and vast political party is also demanding every achievement of the Bengali nation.
The Awami League is the only name in the history of language movement, mass movement, freedom movement, war of independence, emergence of independent-sovereign Bangladesh. Bangabandhu’s Awami League leadership at all levels did not accept the rate. The sacrificial and committed fighting role of the leaders and workers of this party is historical. Naturally, people have high expectations from the Awami League, the creator of the nation-state called Bangladesh. The team reacted angrily to slight deviations or failures. In the ideology of sacrifice and self-sacrifice built by the great leader, millions of Bengalis have sacrificed their lives for the sake of patriotism under the leadership of Balian Awami League. After so many years of establishment, naturally the question arises – is the glory of that ideology and sacrifice still alive among the millions of workers and supporters of the party, or has there been a deviation from the ideology in the evolution of time? After so many years, the people of the country are taking stock of the principles, ideals, successes and failures of this ancient and large traditional political party of the subcontinent. However, with uninterrupted leadership for almost 37 years, Bangabandhu’s daughter Sheikh Hasina has become a symbol of confidence in secular and democratic ideology by breaking the fear of death and has been able to turn the Awami League into an organization of the lives of millions of people.
Bangladesh Awami League is the bearer of the thoughts of the masses.
The old political party was born on 23 June 1949 in the famous Rose Garden in Swamibagh, Dhaka. With the birth of this party, the seeds of thousands of years cherished dream of freedom struggle were sown. From its inception, the history of the glorious struggle of the Bengali nation against the Pakistani colonial rule began with the commitment and sacrifice of the leaders and workers of the party towards the land and people of the country. The party developed with the unconditional love and support of the people, following which the state of Bangladesh has been able to cross the borders of the land and establish itself as one of the largest and most popular non-communal, progressive, democratic and humanitarian political party in the subcontinent. The Awami League, which was founded on the principles of Bengali tradition, culture, language, self-determination, autonomy and the latest independence, has established itself today as a modern institution through its scientific program in the evolution of time.
The party was founded in Rose Garden under the name ‘East Pakistan Awami Muslim League’. In the party council held in Mymensingh in 1956, the word ‘Muslim’ was dropped and the party was renamed as ‘Bangladesh Awami League’. In a word, all the great achievements of the Bengali nation were led by the people’s beloved organization Awami League, whose great hero was Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the greatest Bengali of all time and the great architect of independent Bangladesh.
The party has become the bearer of the thoughts and ideas of the people of this country after facing many ups and downs, ups and downs and palace-like conspiracies in its long political journey. The party has become a symbol of confidence in secular and democratic ideology. For more than half a century since its birth, the traditional party has survived as the largest political party in the country. The Awami League is still in power after winning more than three-quarters of the seats for the second time in a row, breaking the record of history after its birth. Father of the Nation Bangabandhu has gifted the Bengali nation with precious freedom. His daughter Sheikh Hasina came to power for the second time in a row with the landslide victory and is working relentlessly to build the happy and prosperous golden Bengal of Bangabandhu’s dream. Bangladesh, which has been in power for two consecutive terms, has given the nation the gift of development-progress and a digitalized Bangladesh suitable for the new generation.
After the birth of the Awami League, the Bengali nation gradually moved towards independence through the great language movement, the election of the United Front in ’54, the historic six points of ’66, the mass uprising of ’69 and the general election of ’70. It was under the leadership of this party that Bangladesh gained independence in 1971 through armed liberation war. Bangladesh occupies its place on the world map as an independent and sovereign state. And the forerunner and sole hero of these movements was the great hero of history, Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
After the political upheaval in 1975, the Awami League remained in the opposition for 21 long years. Then on 23 June 1996 the Awami League formed the government for the first time under the leadership of Sheikh Hasina. Earlier, parliamentary democracy and caretaker government system were established in the struggle of this party. The Awami League took part in the elections by handing over power at the end of its full term as per the provisions of the caretaker government. After the defeat in the questionable election on October 1, 2001, the ruling BNP-Jamaat alliance carried out several deadly attacks to wipe out the opposition Awami League and make it leaderless. Although all the top leaders of the party including Sheikh Hasina miraculously survived the horrific grenade attack on 21st August, many fresh lives were lost. After One-Eleven, the storm hit the Awami League again. Despite being imprisoned for 11 months, the Awami League formed by Bangabandhu could not be broken. On December 29, 2008, the people of the country voted for the Awami League in more than three-quarters of the seats.
The conspiracy did not stop there. The BNP-Jamaat alliance became desperate after the January 5 elections. The countrymen have witnessed the killing of hundreds of people in a horrific and brutal manner by throwing petrol bombs and pouring petrol on them and setting them on fire. Even on election day, hundreds of schools and colleges were set on fire, the presiding officer was hacked and set on fire. The party is now three and a half years old after coming to power in the second term.
Awami League is the mainstream of Bengali nationalism. It is the glory of the Bengali nation that a great man like Bangabandhu revived the Bengali nation from the quicksand of biracialism who embodied in his life the truth of a thousand years of Bengali nation’s pursuit, meditation, knowledge and its vast culture. Free us from the distortion of nationalism. In the next couple of centuries, it is unthinkable that a great man like Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib, the father of the nation, will emerge. Therefore, the Bengali nation will remember the greatest Bengali of all time Sheikh Mujibur Rahman with humble respect and gratitude on the happy birthday of Awami League.