India Health Update – Anti-Venom and Anti-Rabies injections 

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Azadi Ka Amrit Mahoutsav

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Anti-Venom and Anti-Rabies injections 

Central Government provides assistance to the States for strengthening of health infrastructure under the National Health Mission. This facilitates treatment for various diseases and emergencies including snake bites. Health being a State subject, the Ministry has asked the States to procure anti-snake venom serum under National Health Mission after reflecting the same in their annual PIP for approvals.

Rabies is transmitted to the humans following bite of animals (dogs, cats, monkeys, mongoose etc.) infected by rabies virus. For prevention of deaths due to Rabies, Government of India is implementing the National Rabies Control Programme in the country. The objectives of the program are to:

  • Prevent human deaths due to rabies
  • Prevent transmission of rabies virus in dog population
  • Mass vaccination of dogs.
  • Dog population management
  • Strengthening surveillance & response.

To prevent deaths due to human rabies, the strategy adopted is to implement more cost effective Intra Dermal (ID) route of inoculation for anti-rabies vaccines for Category II & Category III bites and infiltration of Rabies immunoglobulin in all Cat III bites in all major anti-rabies clinics of government health facilities.

The States are asked to organize training of health professional on animal bite management and ID route of anti-rabies vaccination, IEC activities for community awareness on dos’ and don’ts in the eventof animal bite, strengthening surveillance of human rabies and strengthening lab diagnostics for rabies.

As per reports received from the States, details of State wise deaths due to snake bite and rabies, during the last three years in the country are given below:

State/UT-wise Deaths due to Snake Bite reported during the years 2014 – 2016

 

S.No.

 

State /U.T 2014 2015 2016

(Provisional)

Deaths

 

Deaths

 

Deaths

 

1 Andhra Pradesh* 61 46 33
2 Arunachal Pradesh 0 0 0
3 Assam 0 0 0
4 Bihar 9 21 11
5 Chhattisgarh 26 32 62
6 Goa 3 0 1
7 Gujarat 111 78 72
8 Haryana 6 8 4
9 Himachal Pradesh 19 25 21
10 Jammu & Kashmir 2 2 0
11 Jharkhand 19 4 15
12 Karnataka 81 53 43
13 Kerala 4 18 11
14 Madhya Pradesh 156 114 113
15 Maharashtra 40 37 67
16 Manipur 0 0 0
17 Meghalaya 2 1 0
18 Mizoram 0 0 0
19 Nagaland 0 0 0
20 Odisha 186 261 120
21 Punjab 15 11 8
22 Rajasthan 72 58 34
23 Sikkim 0 0 2
24 Tamil Nadu 37 74 46
25 Telangana NA 53 93
26 Tripura 1 0 1
27 Uttarakhand 1 1 2
28 Uttar Pradesh 82 78 116
29 West Bengal 138 171 138
30 A & N Islands 3 12 0
31 Chandigarh 10 16 36
32 D & N Haveli 0 3 9
33 Daman & Diu 0 1 0
34 Delhi 1 6 1
35 Lakshadweep 0 0 0
36 Puducherry 37 35 5
Total   1122 1219 1064

 

Note: 2014: * Excludes data of 10 districts of Telangana from July onwards.

Source:  Monthly Health Condition Reports from Directorate of Health Services of States/UTs 

State/UT-wise Deaths due to Rabies reported during the years 2014 – 2016

S.No.

 

State /U.T 2014 2015 2016

(Provisional)

Deaths

 

Deaths

 

Deaths

 

1 Andhra Pradesh* 0 1 0
2 Arunachal Pradesh 0 0 0
3 Assam 0 0 0
4 Bihar 0 1 4
5 Chhattisgarh 2 3 0
6 Goa 0 0 0
7 Gujarat 7 8 1
8 Haryana 0 0 0
9 Himachal Pradesh 1 2 0
10 Jammu & Kashmir 0 0 0
11 Jharkhand 0 0 1
12 Karnataka 6 9 19
13 Kerala 5 7 2
14 Madhya Pradesh 12 11 0
15 Maharashtra 1 0 1
16 Manipur 0 0 0
17 Meghalaya 0 1 0
18 Mizoram 0 0 0
19 Nagaland 0 0 0
20 Odisha 3 6 3
21 Punjab 0 0 0
22 Rajasthan 0 1 0
23 Sikkim 0 3 0
24 Tamil Nadu 4 1 1
25 Telangana NA 0 0
26 Tripura 1 0 3
27 Uttarakhand 6 0 0
28 Uttar Pradesh 1 0 0
29 West Bengal 52 47 47
30 A & N Islands 0 0 0
31 Chandigarh 0 0 0
32 D & N Haveli 0 0 0
33 Daman & Diu 1 0 0
34 Delhi 23 12 4
35 Lakshadweep 0 0 0
36 Puducherry 0 0 0
Total   125 113 86

 

Note: 2014: * Excludes data of 10 districts of Telangana from July onwards.

Source:  Monthly Health Condition Reports from Directorate of Health Services of States/UTs

The Minister of State (Health and Family Welfare), Smt Anupriya Patel stated this in a written reply in the Lok Sabha here today.

 

About Post Author

Editor Desk

Antara Tripathy M.Sc., B.Ed. by qualification and bring 15 years of media reporting experience.. Coverred many illustarted events like, G20, ICC,MCCI,British High Commission, Bangladesh etc. She took over from the founder Editor of IBG NEWS Suman Munshi (15/Mar/2012- 09/Aug/2018 and October 2020 to 13 June 2023).
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