How many New Year is there you know?

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Professor Shanku Calendar launch photos by AVEEK DAS
Professor Shanku Calendar launch photos by AVEEK DAS
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Azadi Ka Amrit Mahoutsav

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Is it really a Happy New Year for All, or this is just the International New Year celebrated by all.

My friend Famous Lawyer or Bengal and Kolkata Courts Mr. Sukanta Bose wished me saying “Happy International New Year” instead of Happy New Year. When asked he said how many New Year is there you know?

Well, few I know, few I collected from the net, just for a share of joy, check if you have some other New Year information, Please share in the comment box.

January 1- an Official Date of New Year Celebrations
The Roman emperor Julius Caesar officially declared January 1 to be a New Year in 46 B.C. Romans worshiped God Janus who had two faces, one looking forward and the other looking backward. The month of January was named after this Roman God and it gave an idea to the emperor to establish January as a gate to the New Year. It is said Caesar celebrated January 1 – New Year by ordering the revolutionary Jewish forces to route back.

People began New Year celebrations on January 1 after many years. They ritualized the beginning of the year by acting and re-enacting the world of the past before peace proliferated. People learned January as first month of the year and with this the tradition of following Julian calendar.

Abolition of Roman New Year Date
In the medieval period, pagan festivals were given more importance and March 25 was announced as the beginning of the New Year. March 25 was called the Annunciation Day as on this day Mary got the news that she should be impregnated.

Later, the King of England ensured that Jesus’ birth December 25 should be commemorated as New Year.

Gregorian Calendar
About 500 years later, Pope Gregory XIII abolished the old Julian calendar and introduced Gregorian calendar which comprised of a leap year after every four years to maintain balance between seasons and calendar. Finally, in 1582, Gregorian calendar was set to celebrate New Year on the first day of January.

Hindu New Year
Punjab : New year starts on 13th April.
Assam : New year starts on 14th or 15th of April.
Bengal : New year starts on 14th or 15th April.
Gujarat : New Year starts on Karthik Shukla Pratipada.
Kerala : New year starts in the month of Medam (on the day when the Sun enters in the constellation Leo).
Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka : New Year falls on Chaitra Shuddha Prathipade.
Sikkim : New Year starts on 18th day of the 10th month of the Tibetan Lunar Calendar.
Maharashtra : New Year starts in the month of Chaitra
Tamil Nadu : New year starts on 13th or 14th of April.

Christian New Year
Christian New YearChristian or Gregorian New Year falls on January 1st. Countries following the Gregorian Calendar celebrate the New Year on this date. Gregorian Calendar is a modification of the Julian Calendar established by the Roman Emporer, Julius Caesar in 46 BC. In 1582, Pope Gregory XIII of Rome, abolished Julian Calendar as it was slightly long and caused vernal equinox to drift backwards in the calendar year (January 1 to December 31). Gradually Gregorian Calendar gained acceptance in several countries across the world as it created a balance between seasons and calendar.

Islamic New Year
Islamic New YearIslam has a lunar based calendar with 354 days. The New Year date also changes every year as the Islamic Calendar is 11 days shorter than the solar calendar. Maal Hijra or Islamic New Year is celebrated on the first day of Muharram (first Islamic month). The word Muharram also means respect. It is more of a cultural event than a New Year celebration. People welcome the New Year with peace and prayers.

Punjabi New Year / Sikh (Nanakshahi)
Punjabi New YearBaisakhi Festival, also called Vaisakhi, holds great importance for the Sikh community and farmers of Punjab. Baisakhi falls on April 13 or 14, the first day of the year according to the Nanakshahi Calender. Sikhs also celebrate this day in honor of their tenth guru, Guru Gobind Singh. Baisakhi commemorates the day when the Sikh Guru eliminated caste differences and founded Khalsa Panth in1689.

For the large farming community of Punjab and Haryana, Baisakhi marks the harvest time. Farmers celebrate it with immense fervor as they are loaded with cash at this time. Men and women run over the fields shouting “Jatta aayi Baisakhi”.

Parsi New Year
Parsi New YearJamshedi Navroz is the Parsi New Year. It usually falls on 21st March. Parsi New Year was named after the legendary King of Persia, Jamshed who started the Parsi Calendar. As per the Parsi mythology, universe is recreated on this day and life with all its glory is cherished. Navroz means spring and is believed Mother Nature casts her spell by dressing up like a young bride. Thus, Navroz gives a new vision to everyone’s life. Parsis celebrate the day with jollity and mirth.

Jewish New Year
The origin of Jewish New Year can be traced from the holy Bible which is celebrated over a thousand years. The Jewish New Year takes place in the month of Tishri that are months of September and October according to the Gregorian calender.

History of Celtic New Year
According to the Celtic mythology, Samhain or Celtic New Year was a gap in time. During this gap period, ‘Our World’ and ‘Otherworld’ came together and thought that the dead could return to warm themselves at the places they lived.

Bahai New Year
Bahai New YearBahai New Year occurs on the date of vernal equinox. It is usually celebrated on 21st March every year. Bahai people have their own nine months calendar of nineteen days. Naw Ruz is also called ‘The Day of God’ , ‘Yawmu’llah’ or ‘the Day of the Point’. This day begins at the sunset rather than midnight. So, New Year celebrations also began on the evening of March 20th. This festival is most popularly celebrated by the Iranians and Zoroastrian community.

Naw-Ruz falls in the month of Bahá. It is also associated with, ‘Him Whom God shall make manifest, the Promised One of the Bab’. The remaining 18 days of the month are associated with eighteen Letters of the Living. This indicated that the Bab wanted Naw Ruz festivities to encompass the nineteen days of the month of Baha.

Naw-Ruz is a feast day as it follows the tradition of strict fasting.

Buddhist New Year
Buddhist New YearNew Year occurs on different days in different countries following Buddhism. New Year in Theravadin countries, Thailand, Burma, Sri Lanka, Cambodia and Lao is celebrated for three days from the first full moon day in April. In Mahayan countries, New Year celebrations starts on the first full moon day in January. These countries celebrate the day according to their ethnic background and culture. People of China, Korea and Vietnam celebrate it in the month of January or early February while Tibetans usually celebrate a month later.

New Year is the time to hope best from the coming year. People reflect upon their past and rectify all their mistakes. It is observed with same spirit and gaiety in most of the countries.

New Years in the Month of January
January 1 – New Year’s Day – The world’s most widely celebrated holiday. Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, the United States, India and many other countries celebrate their New Year on this date.

January 1 – Japanese New Year’s Day – Also known as Gantan-sai or Oshogatsu.

January 7 – Egyptian New Year’s Day (Sekhmet)

Mahayana Buddhist New Year is celebrated on the first full moon day in January.

January 11 – Old Scottish New Year

January 14 – Eastern Orthodox New Year’s Day

January 21 – Celtic New Year

Korean New Year (Sol-Nal) – The Lunar New Year is celebrated at sunset on the day of the second new moon after the winter solstice.

Tibetan New Year also called Losar is celebrated in late January or early February at the time of the new moon.

Vietnamese New Year or Tet is celebrated between January 17th and February 19th at the time of the new moon.

New Years in the Month of February
Tibetan New Year (Ugyen Thinley Dorje) – Some Tibetans celebrate their New Year a month later than the Lunar New Year as Ugyen Thinley Dorje.

Muharram is the first month of the Muslim year and its first day is celebrated as Islamic New Year’s Day.

New Years in the Month of March
March 1 – Roman New Year also called the Festival of Mars, aka Feriae Marti, honored Mars, the Roman god of war.

March 14 – Sikh New Year Day – It is the first day of Chet, the first month of the Sikh calendar.

March 21 – The Baha’i New Year (Naw-Ruz) is always celebrated on the 21st March.

The Hindu New Year also known as Bikrami Samvat falls on the day following the new moon on or after the spring equinox.

March 21 – The Persian or Iranian New Year (Noruz) is always held on the spring equinox.

March 21 – The Assyrian New Year, called Rish Nissanu, occurs on the vernal equinox, 21 March, commencing the start of the spring.

Telugu New Year’s Day also known as Ugadi is celebrated on the day after the new moon following the vernal equinox (first day of spring).

March 21 – Zoroastrian New Year or Jamshedi is always on March 21st.

March 25 – Old British New Year – Before the Calendar Adjustment Act of 1751, Great Britain and its U.S. colonies celebrated New Year’s Day on March 25 because it is Lady Day as well as the Feast of the Annunciation.

New Years in the Month of April
Theravadin Buddhist New Year – The Tharavadin Buddhists of Thailand, Burma, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, and Lao celebrate the New Year on the first full moon day with three days of celebration.

April 14 – Solar New Year (Songkran) – This new year’s day is celebrated in many southeast Asia countries as Baisakhi in India, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka (or Varushapirapu); Songkran in Thailand; Boum Pimay or Bun-Pi-Mai-Lao in Laos; Thingyan in Myanmar; and Bon Chol Chhnam in Cambodia. The exact time on the 13th or 14th is determined by astrologers.

April 14 – Nepali New Year Day – The specific time of the New Year is set by astrologers on the 13th or 14th.

April 13 or April 14 – Sikh New Year Day (Vaisaki or Baisakhi) -On this day in 1699, Guru Gobind Singh created the Brotherhood of the Pure.

April 14 – Sinhala /Tamil New Year’s Day – Sri Lankans celebrate their national New Year’s Day (Puththandu in Tamil and Aluth Avurudhu in Sinhala). The specific time of the New Year is set by astrologers on the 13th or 14th. The Tamil New Year and Vishu are celebrated on the same day respectively in the Southern Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. They generally fall on 13 April or 14 April. The first month of the Tamil New Year is called Chithrai.

The Thai New Year is celebrated from 13 April to 15 April by throwing water.

The Cambodian New Year and Lao New Year are celebrated from 13 April to 15 April.

The Bengali New Year called Pohela Baisakh is celebrated on 14 April or 15 April in both Bangladesh and West Bengal.

April 22 – Parsi New Year Day also known as Pateti is celebrated on April 23 (April 22nd on leap years), this is one of the local new years celebrated in India.

24 – Babylonian New Year – The Babylonian New Year begins the Nabonassar Era Year 2752 on April 25th (24th on leap years).

New Years in the Month of May
May 26 – Buddhist New Year also known as Buddha Purnima or Buddha Jayanti – Some Buddhist sects celebrate Budhha’s birthday on the eighth day of the fourth lunar month as their New Year’s Day. Note: Some sects now celebrate Buddha’s birthday on April 8th.

New Years in the Month of June
June 21 – Ancient Greek New Year – Some versions of the ancient Greek calendar celebrated the new year on the summer solstice.

New Years in the Month of July
July 9 – Armenian New Year – The Armenian Era, an old way of measuring time, began on July 9, 552.

New Years in the Month of August
Malayalam New Year – On the new moon in late August or early September (the first day of the Hindu month of Bhadon), the southern Indian state of Kerala celebrates its new year.

August 23 – Zoroastrian New Year (Shenshai) is always on August 23rd, for those Zoroastrians who follow the Shenshai calendar.

New Years in the Month of September
September 1 – Orthodox Christian New Year – This day marks the New Year for some Russian Orthodox Christians.

September 10 – African New Year

September 11 (12th in leap years)- Ethiopian New Years Day – This is a national holiday in Ethiopia.

September 16 – Rosh Hashanah or Jewish New Year begins on the first day of the Jewish month of Tishri (Tishrei), is also called the Day of Judgment and Remembrance.

New Years in the Month of October
October 3 – Moroccan New Year’s Day

New Years in the Month of November
Hindu New Year (Diwali) is celebrated on the new moon in late October or early November. It is considered by some as one of the Hindu New Years (sometimes celebrated the day after Diwali as Vikram New Year).

The Marwari New Year is celebrated on the day of the festival of Diwali

Jain New Year – Celebrated on the day after Diwali, this is the New Year’s day for the Jain religion. It is the day after of the attainment of Moksha by Mahavir Swami and the day when his chief disciple Gautam Swami attained Kevalgnan.

The Gujarati New Year is usually celebrated the day after the festival of Diwali (which occurs in mid-fall – either October or November, depending on the Lunar calendar.

New Years in the Month of December
Sikkimese New Year – The Sikkimese New Year or Losoong is celebrated from the first to fifth day of the Lunar 11th month. It is also called Sonam Losar or the Farmer’s New Year.

Now look at our great country India
10 New Year and Harvest Festivals of Indian States
Ugadi – Telugu New Year Andhra Pradesh,Telengana and Karnataka

Ugadi symbolizes beginning of an age, celebrated in the state of Karnataka and Andhra pradesh. This festival fall in the month of March–April (Chaitra month ), date always vary because the Hindu calendar follow a different day every year because the Hindu calendar system. It is the festival of new beginning and time to get new clothes and some good food.

Gudi Padwa – Marathi New Year

Gudi Padwa is celebrated on the first day of Chaitra month and its a New Year day for Maharashtrians and Konkanis. On this day a gudi is found hanging out on the right side of the main entrance of the houses, Gudi is a bright yellow cloth tied to the tip of a long bamboo and copper pot placed in inverted on it along with a sugar garland.

Baisakhi – Punjabi New Year

The biggest harvest festival celebrated across North Indian states, especially in the land of Five river’s Punjab. Usually Baisakhi falls on 13th April, and some time on 14th and also celebrated as the day of the formation of the Sikh Khalsa. The main celebration takes place at the birth place of the Khalsa and at the Golden Temple in Amritsar, at Talwandi Sabo and can be seen in United States, Canada and United Kingdom.

Puthandu – Tamil New Year

The traditional tamil new year starts on mid-April either on 13 or 14 April, or first day of Tamil month Chithirai. People wish each other “Puthandu Vazthukal” which means Happy New Year and Chitterai Thiruvizha is celebrated in the Meenakshi Temple Madurai. The main food of this festival is Mangai Pachadi, made of raw mangoes, jaggery and neem flowers.

Bohag Bihu – Assamese New Year

The spring festival “Bohag Bihu” celebrated in the middle of April as the beginning season of agriculture. The Assamese new year festival bihu is the most important festival of Assam,celebrated by fun and abundance, faith and belief. There are three bihu festivals in Assam, other two are Maagh and Kaati.

Pohela Boishakh – Bengali New Year

The Nabo Barsho of Bengal is celebrated with great deal of enthusiasm and energy during the mid of April. This is the day of cultural programs, shopping, prayers and also considered as auspicious time for marriages. Pohela Boishakh celebrated by tribal people in hilly areas of Tripura and also in cities of other countries.

Bestu Varas – Gujarati New Year

Bestu Varas mark the beginning of the harvest season in Gujrat and therefore is observed with great enthusiasm. It is celebrated as Gujarati New Year on the day after Diwali along with religious rituals and traditions. Marwaris of Rajasthan celebrate Diwali as a new year, the most auspicious day to start new things.

Vishu – Malayalam New Year

Vishu is similar to the New Year festivals observed elsewhere in India, usually on April 14 of the Gregorian calendar. The most important event of the festival is “Vishukkani” means The first object viewed in the morning. It is one of the most popular traditional celebration festival followed by people of Kerala.

Marwari New Year
Marwari New YearMarwaris of Rajasthan consider Diwali as their New Year. They believe Diwali to be an auspicious day to venture into new projects and thus celebrate it as New Year’s day. It usually falls in the month of October – November. The Marwari New Year is celebrated with great charm and exuberance in almost all parts of Rajasthan.
Losoong – Sikkimese New Year

The Losoong is one of the most popular and old age festival of Sikkim, celebrated on month of December. It marks as the end of harvesting season and the New Year for people of Sikkim. Losoong is also known as ‘Sonam Losar’ the farmer’s new year, Chham dance is one of the major attraction of festival.

Navreh – Kashmiri New Year

Navreh the lunar new year is celebrated as new year in Kashmir with great enthusiasm and sanctity. It’s fall on first day of Chaitra Navratri and is regarded as sacred in Kashmir as the Shivratri. It is observed as the New Year’s day in other part of India such as Gaudi Parva,Ugadi and cheti Chand the new year day of Sindhi people.

Hijri – Islamic New Year

The Islamic year started on the first day of Muharram, the Islamic calendar does not align with the Gregorian calendar so the date for Islamic New Year or Muharram varies as per the lunar calendar. The New Year is celebrated with long-standing customs & traditions for incoming spring. Cheti Chand – Sindhi New Year

Cheti Chand

Cheti Chand the Sindhi new year is celebrated on the second day of the Chaitra month. It is one of the very auspicious days in Sindhi community as they celebrate the festival to honor the birth of “Jhulelal”.

I am sure many left behind as Tribals of the different part of the World has different day to celebrate.

About Post Author

Editor Desk

Antara Tripathy M.Sc., B.Ed. by qualification and bring 15 years of media reporting experience.. Coverred many illustarted events like, G20, ICC,MCCI,British High Commission, Bangladesh etc. She took over from the founder Editor of IBG NEWS Suman Munshi (15/Mar/2012- 09/Aug/2018 and October 2020 to 13 June 2023).
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