NSS REPORT: TIME USE IN INDIA- 2019 (JANUARY – DECEMBER 2019)

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NSS REPORT: TIME USE IN INDIA- 2019 (JANUARY – DECEMBER 2019)

By PIB Delhi

A. Introduction

Time Use Survey (TUS) provides a framework for measuring time dispositions by the population on different activities. It is an important source of information about the activities that are performed by the population and the time duration for which such activities are performed. One distinguishing feature of Time Use Survey from other household surveys is that it can capture time disposition on different aspects of human activities, be it paid, unpaid or other activities with such details which is not possible in other surveys.

The primary objective of Time Use Survey (TUS) is to measure participation of men and women in paid and unpaid activities. TUS is an important source of information on the time spent in unpaid caregiving activities, volunteer work, unpaid domestic service producing activities of the household members. It also provides information on time spent on learning, socializing, leisure activities, self-care activities, etc., by the household members.

National Statistical Office (NSO) conducted the first Time Use Survey in India during January – December 2019. The survey measures the participation rate and time spent on paid activities, care activities, unpaid activities, etc.

B. Features of the Survey

1. Coverage: This survey covered 1,38,799 households (rural: 82,897 and urban: 55,902). Information on time use was collected from each member of age 6 years and above of the selected households. This survey enumerated 4,47,250 persons of age 6 years and above (rural: 2,73,195 and urban:1,74,055).

2. Data collection: In this survey data on time use was collected through personal interview method. Information on time use was collected covering a period of 24 hours starting from 4:00 A.M. on the day before the date of interview to 4:00 A.M. on the day of interview

3. Presentation of the estimates: The results have been presented here considering all the activities in the time slots instead of considering only the major activity.However the Report on Time Use in India-2019 alsocontains estimates considering only the major activities in the time slots. The results are presented for persons of age 6 years and above. The key indicators of time use survey arecalculated as follows:

  • Participation rate in a day in any activity is calculated as the percentage of persons performing that activity during the day.
  • Average time spent in a day per participant for any activity is calculated by considering those who participated in the activity. Estimates of average time in a day in different activities derived by considering only the participants in the activities are referred to asaverage time spent in a day per participant.
  • Average time spent in a day per person for any activity is calculated by considering all the persons irrespective of whether they participated in the activity or not. By this approach, distribution of total time of 1440 minutes of a day per person in different activities is derived.
  1. The key findings of the survey are given in the statements annexed while the report and the unit level data both are accessible at https://mospi.gov.in.

Annexure

Key Findings of the Survey

Table 1: Percentage of persons of age 6 years and above participating in different activities in a dayall-India
Description of the activityruralurbanrural+urban
malefemalepersonmalefemalepersonmalefemaleperson
Employment and related activities56.119.237.959.816.738.957.318.438.2
Production of goods for own final use19.125.022.03.48.35.814.320.017.1
Unpaid domestic services for household members27.782.154.622.679.250.126.181.253.2
Unpaid caregiving services for household members14.428.221.213.226.319.514.027.620.7
Unpaid volunteer, trainee and other unpaid work2.82.02.42.52.22.32.72.02.4
Learning24.119.421.823.320.722.023.919.821.9
Socializing and communication, community participation and religious practice91.791.291.590.691.491.091.491.391.3
Culture, leisure, mass-media and sports practices87.082.284.692.192.792.488.585.386.9
Self-care and maintenance100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
Note: The estimates have been calculated considering all the activities in a time slot
Table 2: Average time (in minutes) spent in a day per participant of age 6 years and above in different activitiesall-India
Description of the activityruralurbanrural+urban
malefemalepersonmalefemalepersonmalefemaleperson
Employment and related activities434317404514375485459333429
Production of goods for own final use2031231581346485198116151
Unpaid domestic services for household members983012499429324797299248
Unpaid caregiving services for household members771321137513811676134114
Unpaid volunteer, trainee and other unpaid work99989811110110610299101
Learning422422422435425430426423424
Socializing and communication, community participation and religious practice151139145138138138147139143
Culture, leisure, mass-media and sports practices162157159171181176164165165
Self-care and maintenance737724731711720715729723726
Note: The estimates have been calculated considering all the activities in a time slot
Table 3: Percentage share of total time in different activities in a day per person of age 6 years and above all-India
Description of the activityruralurbanrural+urban
malefemalepersonmalefemalepersonmalefemaleperson
Employment and related activities16.94.210.621.34.313.118.34.211.4
Production of goods for own final use2.72.22.40.30.30.31.91.61.8
Unpaid domestic services for household members1.917.29.41.516.18.61.716.99.2
Unpaid caregiving services for household members0.82.61.70.72.51.60.82.61.7
Unpaid volunteer, trainee and other unpaid work0.20.10.10.20.10.10.20.10.1
Learning7.15.76.47.06.16.67.15.86.5
Socializing and communication, community participation and religious practice9.68.89.28.78.88.89.38.89.0
Culture, leisure, mass-media and sports practices9.79.09.410.911.711.310.19.89.9
Self-care and maintenance51.250.350.849.450.049.750.650.250.4
Total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
Note: (i) The estimates have been calculated considering all the activities in a time slot(ii) Figures may not add up to 100 due to rounding

About Post Author

Editor Desk

Antara Tripathy M.Sc., B.Ed. by qualification and bring 15 years of media reporting experience.. Coverred many illustarted events like, G20, ICC,MCCI,British High Commission, Bangladesh etc. She took over from the founder Editor of IBG NEWS Suman Munshi (15/Mar/2012- 09/Aug/2018 and October 2020 to 13 June 2023).
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