Safety and Quality of Ayush Medicines

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Safety and Quality of Ayush Medicines

By PIB Delhi

As per the provisions of Drugs and Cosmetics Rules, 1945, the manufacture of Ayurvedic (Including Siddha) or Unani drugs are to be carried out in such premises and such hygienic conditions as are specified in Schedule-T (Good Manufacturing Practices) and homoeopathy manufacturers are required to comply with the provisions of Schedule M1(Good Manufacturing Practices). It is mandatory for the manufacturers to comply with this for obtaining license of Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani (ASU) and Homoeopathy drug manufacturing.

For Standardization of Indian medicines and Homoeopathy in the country, the Government has established Pharmacopoeia Commission for Indian Medicine and Homoeopathy (PCIM&H) under the Ministry of AYUSH. The prime mandate of the Commission is to publish and revise Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India (API), Siddha Pharmacopoeia of India (SPI), Unani Pharmacopoeia of India (UPI) and Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia of India (HPI). The Pharmacopoeial standards are basic need to ensure quality, safety and efficacy of Ayurvedic, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathic medicines.

 Ministry of AYUSH is implementing a Central Sector Scheme of Pharmacovigilance of Ayurveda, Siddha Unani& Homeopathy Drugs since June 2018 for inculcating the culture of Adverse Drug Events (ADE) reporting, documentation and analysis for further regulatory action. The Scheme has an established three tier network. All India Institute of Ayurveda (AIIA), New Delhi has been designated as the National Pharmacovigilance Coordination Centre (NPvCC), 5 Intermediary Pharmacovigilance Centres (IPvC’s) and 74 Peripheral Pharmacovigilance Centres (PPvC’s).

In addition to the above, for facilitating export, Ministry of AYUSH encourages following certifications of AYUSH products as per details below:-

(i) Certification of Pharmaceutical Products (CoPP) as per WHO Guidelines for herbal products.

(ii) Quality Certifications Scheme implemented by the Quality Council of India (QCI) for

grant of AYUSH Premium mark to Ayurvedic, Siddha and Unani products on the basis of

third party evaluation of quality in accordance with the status of compliance to international standards.

The licence of Ayush products are granted by the concerned State Licensing Authorities in accordance with the provisions of Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 and Rules made thereunder. There are about  7345 (Ayurveda), 151 (Siddha), 566 (Unani) and 345 (Homoeopathy) manufacturers producing Ayush products.

State-wise/System-wise number of Licensed Pharmacies under AYUSH as on 01-04-2019

S.No.State / UTAyurvedaUnaniSiddhaHomoeopathyTotal
(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(7)
1Andhra Pradesh288907304
2Arunachal Pradesh10001
3Assam4000040
4Bihar19123038252
5Chhattisgarh3200032
6Delhi832000103
7Goa60006
8Gujarat578009587
9Haryana514400518
10Himachal Pradesh132006138
11Jammu &Kashmir850215
12Jharkhand1900827
13Karnataka2100012222
14Kerala897440905
15Madhya Pradesh5558021584
16Maharashtra725000725
17Manipur00000
18Meghalaya00000
19Mizoram00000
20Nagaland00000
21Odisha8500590
22Punjab232000232
23Rajasthan349100350
24Sikkim20013
25Tamil Nadu15251399305
26Telangana429173032634
27Tripura00000
28Uttar Pradesh14163090301755
29Uttarakhand196000196
30WestBengal16050160325
31A&NIsland00000
32Chandigarh10001
33D&NHaveli70007
34Daman&Diu1000010
35Lakshadweep00000
36Puducherry2708540
 TOTAL73455661513458407

This information was given by Minister of Ayush Shri Sarbananda Sonowal in a written reply in Lok Sabha today.

About Post Author

Editor Desk

Antara Tripathy M.Sc., B.Ed. by qualification and bring 15 years of media reporting experience.. Coverred many illustarted events like, G20, ICC,MCCI,British High Commission, Bangladesh etc. She took over from the founder Editor of IBG NEWS Suman Munshi (15/Mar/2012- 09/Aug/2018 and October 2020 to 13 June 2023).
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