Steps Taken by Government to Protect Wildlife and Its Habitats
By PIB Delhi
No species from India has been declared extinct in the recent past as per the information available in the Ministry,
The Government has taken several steps to protect wildlife and its habitats. Important steps taken in this regard include:
- The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, provides for stringent punishment for violation of its provisions. The Act also provides for forfeiture of any equipment, vehicle, or weapon that is used for committing wildlife offence (s). Rare and endangered species found in India, like Tiger, Snow Leopard, Great Indian Bustard, Gangetic Dolphin, Dugong, etc. have been listed in Schedule-I of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 thereby providing them the highest degree of protection.
- Protected Areas, viz., National Park, Sanctuaries, Conservation Reserves, and Community Reserves have been created in the country covering important habitats to provide better protection to wildlife, including threatened species and their habitat.
- Financial assistance is provided to the State/Union Territory Governments under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme of ‘Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats’, for better protection of wildlife and improvement of habitat.
- The local communities are involved in conservation measures through eco-development activities which help the forest departments in the protection of wildlife.
- The Wild Life Crime Control Bureau (WCCB) coordinates with State/UTs and other enforcement agencies to gather intelligence about poaching and unlawful trade in wild animals and animal articles.
- Alerts and advisories were issued by WCCB on poaching and illegal trade of wildlife to the concerned State and Central agencies for preventive action.
This information was given by the Minister of State for Environment, Forest & Climate Change, Shri Ashwini Kumar Choubey in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today