Kolkata Metro Railway is set to become a member of an elite club of London, Moscow, Berlin, Munich, and Istanbul Metro

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Indian Railways’ Kolkata Metro plans to replace steel third rail with composite Aluminium third rail.
Indian Railways’ Kolkata Metro plans to replace steel third rail with composite Aluminium third rail.
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Kolkata Metro Railway is set to become a member of an elite club of London Moscow Berlin Munich and Istanbul Metro

Indian Railways’ Kolkata Metro plans to replace steel third rail with composite Aluminium third rail

Total 35 km mainline steel Third Rail shall be replaced in stages

It will result in huge savings in traction energy costs like a straight saving of ₹210 Crores capital investment for 35 km of Metro corridor

By PIB Delhi

Kolkata Metro Railway, India’s first Metro built by Indian Railways on 24th October 1984, has been serving as a lifeline for Kolkata, the city of Joy for nearly 40 long years.

In Kolkata Metro Railway, the power to Metro Rake is supplied to rolling stock at 750V DC through steel Third Rail. The Third Rail Current Collector (TRCC) made of steel fitted on a metro rake collects the current from the Third Rail. Kolkata Metro Railway using steel Third Rail for the last 40 years. Kolkata  Metro Railway has now decided to use composite Aluminium Third Rail in all the upcoming corridors being undertaken for construction along with retrofitment in existing corridors with steel Third Rail. With this Metro Railway,  Kolkata would become a member of an elite club of London, Moscow, Berlin, Munich, and Istanbul Metro which have also shifted from Steel Third Rail to Aluminium Third Rail.

In this regard, Metro Railway Kolkata has floated a tender for the replacement of the existing Third Rail, in the first phase to cover the section between Dumdum to Shyambazar. In the second phase, work would be taken up from Shyambazar to Central and J D Park to Tollygunge. In the third phase, the section between Mahanayak Uttam Kumar (Tollygunge) to Kavi Subhash (New Garia) shall be taken up.   So, total 35 RKm main line steel Third Rail shall be replaced in stages.

The obvious advantages of aluminium composite Third Rail over steel Third Rail are as under :

  1. Reduction in resistive current loss and improved Traction voltage level as the resistance of steel Third Rail is around six times higher than composite Aluminium Third Rail.
  2. On average, for a 10 km corridor with the use of Aluminium composite Third Rail would require 01 no. less Traction Substation compared to steel Third Rail i.e. a straight saving of approx.₹210 Crores capital investment for a 35 km Metro corridor.
  3. The reduced voltage drop shall facilitate achieving faster acceleration with the same rake available with Kolkata Metro Railway.
  4. Reduced maintenance and life cycle costs. The requirement of a painting of Third Rail every 5 years may not be needed anymore. The frequency of measurement of the Third Rail dimension may reduce significantly. There may be no possibility of damage due to rusting etc
  5. Improvement in the efficiency of train operations.
  6. Huge improvement in Energy Efficiency and reduction in carbon footprint.
  7. Estimated energy saving using composite Aluminium Third Rail may be approximately 6.7 million units per annum.
  8. Improved headway of the trains.

About Post Author

Editor Desk

Antara Tripathy M.Sc., B.Ed. by qualification and bring 15 years of media reporting experience.. Coverred many illustarted events like, G20, ICC,MCCI,British High Commission, Bangladesh etc. She took over from the founder Editor of IBG NEWS Suman Munshi (15/Mar/2012- 09/Aug/2018 and October 2020 to 13 June 2023).
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