Human Intelligence – Understanding different types of Intelligence- PART 2
In my last week’s blog on Intelligence, I listed 9 types of Intelligence that Human beings can possess: one of many more but seldom all nine of them. I shall describe in this blog each of the 9 types of intelligence. But before that, it is important to understand what is the value of understanding them and also for whom it is critical to know & understand.
- Parents: Right when a child is born, the parents need to know the intelligence the newly born has and develops as he / she grows. Parents must educate themselves to be able to groom and guide children.
- Teachers / Professors/ Coaches: This tribe of professionals has moral & social responsibilities to understand each student’s type and levels of intelligence and give them appropriate knowledge, guidance, coaching, advice, etc., and leverage students’ intelligence strengths to uplift their performance, help them chose right professional courses for future careers.
- Employers: Employers must recruit people with the right type of intelligence for their organization. Hence employers must themselves educate on the types of intelligence human beings can / do possess and be able to judge them during interviews. After recruitment, what is true for parents, the same holds good for employers. They must give roles to an employee where he/ she is judged to be the best and constantly monitor them, guide them, and groom them to transform them into real assets for the organization. There is nothing like BORN SALESPERSON or BORN JOURNALIST or BORN SCIENTIST, BORN LEADER, etc. I can give hundreds of live examples here; but maybe later in my next blogs.
- Government/ Political Parties: They all fall in the same category as employers. But their responsibilities are highly critical for the success of government and hence the country/ nation and maybe the globe too.
- Individuals: Finally each individual, as he/she grows with age, with education, employment, etc. needs to and must make conscious efforts to understand himself/herself from the point of view to know the types of intelligence & levels of each of them he/ she has. I have listed it as the 5th point as it encompasses all the above four stages.
Now let me proceed to describe the nine types of intelligence Gardner had defined & how:
1. Naturalistic intelligence
Have you noticed how some people can make anything grow? It’s as if they have a ‘green thumb’. Others connect with animals easily and some are completely at home in nature. Naturalistic intelligence describes people who are sensitive to the natural world. They enjoy being outside, nurturing and exploring the environment. People with high naturalistic intelligence are sensitive to subtle changes in nature and the environment around them.
2. Musical intelligence
Not everyone has green thumbs and a love for the great outdoors. Instead, some people are naturally drawn toward music. People with musical intelligence are generally more sensitive to sound and often pick up on noises that others would not normally be aware of. They have an excellent sense of rhythm and the ability to recognize tone and pitch. More often than not they play an instrument or are involved in music as a profession.
3. Logical-mathematical intelligence
Of all the types of intelligence, logical-mathematical intelligence is the most similar to what we typically associate with general intelligence. People with this type of intelligence are excellent at maths and working with numbers. They can recognize patterns easily and work out processes in a logical manner. They have excellent reasoning skills and can often talk themselves out of trouble. People with high logical–mathematical intelligence are often drawn to games involving strategy and the solving of puzzles.
4. Existential intelligence
While many of us are happy with going about our lives day by day, people with high levels of existential intelligence often think more deeply about daily occurrences. They ask questions similar to why are we here. And, what is the point of all this? They are often deeply philosophical thinkers, and they have the capacity to look for answers to questions bigger than themselves. Existential intelligence is often called spiritual or moral intelligence.
5. Interpersonal intelligence
Do you have a natural ability to get on well with others? Are you good at reading people and social situations? If this is the case, chances are that you have a high level of interpersonal intelligence. People with this type of intelligence are often good at reading verbal and non-verbal cues as well as determining temperament and mood. They feel empathy easily. Often this type of intelligence can be found in leaders, politicians, social workers, life coaches, and psychologists.
6. Linguistic intelligence
Linguistic intelligence is the type of intelligence that is most commonly shared by humans. It involves our ability to think in words and use these words to make ourselves understood. People with high linguistic intelligence are very good at putting their feelings and thoughts into words in order to make others understand them. They are drawn to activities such as reading, writing, and public speaking.
7. Bodily–kinaesthetic intelligence
People high in bodily–kinaesthetic intelligence have an excellent sense of timing and great mind-body coordination as well as fine and gross motor skills. They are able to use their bodies to convey feelings and ideas and, as a result, they often take up roles in dance, sports or medicine. They use their bodies to solve problems and create something meaningful.
8. Intra–personal intelligence
Do you understand your thoughts, feelings, and emotions and are you able to use this understanding in your everyday life? If this is the case, you probably have high intra-personal intelligence. Intra-personal intelligence refers to an understanding of oneself and the human condition as a whole. They are known as ‘self-smart’ people and, despite having a deeper understanding of their own emotions, they are often quite shy. Philosophers, spiritual leaders, psychologists, and writers usually have high intra-personal intelligence.
9. Spatial intelligence
Spatial intelligence is defined as the ability to consider things in three dimensions. People with high spatial intelligence are generally very creative and usually have a vivid imagination, high artistic ability, and excellent spatial reasoning. These people are often referred to as ‘picture smart’ and can be found in professions such as architecture, design, and map reading.
I end this part -2 blog on Human Intelligence here. Thanks to all readers. I do hope that readers like my above blog on Human Intelligence. Please do give your valuable opinion & feedback.
In my next blog, I will talk about how to judge intelligence type & levels.
Blog by APK —– 2023-June-07 apk-blog 011/23
Anil P. Kastuar is A master-class Tech Guru with 5 decades of experience and many CxO as his direct dispels, with many First in the cap to cherish for years to Come. Innovation and thinking beyond tomorrow’s solution for today’s world is his USP in the business domain.
He is the man who first time implemented ERP in South East Asia for TATA Steel, Headed Haldia Petro Chemicals CIO etc. He set up the Laboratory Information Management System business for TCG group’s flagship LIMS product company Labvantage. His company Rank Tech Solutions implemented the first Video Based Call management system for BFSI, Edutech, and Retail World.
Anil P Kastuar is the Core management guide and mentor for IBG NEWS Editorial Board for strategic Planning and execution.
Read Part I of this Article Here